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Optimal Tilt Angle for Solar Panels by US City

Harness the sun's power effectively with our data on the optimal tilt angle for solar panels in the top 100 US cities. Optimize your energy generation now!

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    Introduction

    Harnessing the power of the sun through photovoltaic (PV) technology has gained significant traction globally due to its inherent sustainability and increasingly affordable cost. For those looking to install solar panels, one of the most crucial decisions involves identifying the optimal tilt angle, which maximizes sun exposure and therefore the overall efficiency of your solar panels.

    The optimal tilt angle of your solar panel is roughly equivalent to your latitude, but it can vary depending on specific local weather and climate conditions. It’s also essential to note that seasonal adjustments can improve the performance of your solar panels.

    This post aims to provide a comprehensive list of optimal tilt angles for the top 100 cities in the United States, based on population, listed in alphabetical order, for you to use as you please.

    List of US City Optimal Solar Tilt Angle

    1. Albuquerque, New Mexico: 35°
    2. Anaheim, California: 34°
    3. Anchorage, Alaska: 61°
    4. Arlington, Texas: 32°
    5. Atlanta, Georgia: 34°
    6. Aurora, Colorado: 39°
    7. Austin, Texas: 30°
    8. Bakersfield, California: 35°
    9. Baltimore, Maryland: 39°
    10. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: 30°
    11. Birmingham, Alabama: 33°
    12. Boise, Idaho: 43°
    13. Boston, Massachusetts: 42°
    14. Buffalo, New York: 43°
    15. Chandler, Arizona: 33°
    16. Charlotte, North Carolina: 35°
    17. Chesapeake, Virginia: 36°
    18. Chicago, Illinois: 42°
    19. Chula Vista, California: 32°
    20. Cincinnati, Ohio: 39°
    21. Cleveland, Ohio: 41°
    22. Colorado Springs, Colorado: 39°
    23. Columbus, Ohio: 40°
    24. Corpus Christi, Texas: 28°
    25. Dallas, Texas: 32°
    26. Denver, Colorado: 39°
    27. Detroit, Michigan: 42°
    28. Durham, North Carolina: 36°
    29. El Paso, Texas: 31°
    30. Fort Wayne, Indiana: 41°
    31. Fort Worth, Texas: 32°
    32. Fremont, California: 37°
    33. Fresno, California: 37°
    34. Garland, Texas: 33°
    35. Gilbert, Arizona: 33°
    36. Glendale, Arizona: 33°
    37. Greensboro, North Carolina: 36°
    38. Henderson, Nevada: 36°
    39. Hialeah, Florida: 26°
    40. Honolulu, Hawaii: 21°
    41. Houston, Texas: 30°
    42. Indianapolis, Indiana: 40°
    43. Irvine, California: 34°
    44. Irving, Texas: 33°
    45. Jacksonville, Florida: 30°
    46. Jersey City, New Jersey: 41°
    47. Kansas City, Missouri: 39°
    48. Las Vegas, Nevada: 36°
    49. Lexington, Kentucky: 38°
    50. Lincoln, Nebraska: 41°
    51. Long Beach, California: 34°
    52. Los Angeles, California: 34°
    53. Louisville, Kentucky: 38°
    54. Lubbock, Texas: 33°
    55. Madison, Wisconsin: 43°
    56. Memphis, Tennessee: 35°
    57. Mesa, Arizona: 33°
    58. Miami, Florida: 26°
    59. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: 43°
    60. Minneapolis, Minnesota: 45°
    61. Nashville, Tennessee: 36°
    62. New Orleans, Louisiana: 30°
    63. New York City, New York: 41°
    64. Newark, New Jersey: 41°
    65. Norfolk, Virginia: 37°
    66. Oakland, California: 38°
    67. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: 35°
    68. Omaha, Nebraska: 41°
    69. Orlando, Florida: 28°
    70. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 40°
    71. Phoenix, Arizona: 33°
    72. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: 40°
    73. Plano, Texas: 33°
    74. Portland, Oregon: 45°
    75. Raleigh, North Carolina: 36°
    76. Reno, Nevada: 39°
    77. Richmond, Virginia: 37°
    78. Riverside, California: 34°
    79. Rochester, New York: 43°
    80. Sacramento, California: 38°
    81. San Antonio, Texas: 29°
    82. San Diego, California: 32°
    83. San Francisco, California: 38°
    84. San Jose, California: 37°
    85. Santa Ana, California: 34°
    86. Scottsdale, Arizona: 33°
    87. Seattle, Washington: 47°
    88. St. Louis, Missouri: 39°
    89. St. Paul, Minnesota: 45°
    90. St. Petersburg, Florida: 28°
    91. Stockton, California: 38°
    92. Tampa, Florida: 28°
    93. Toledo, Ohio: 41°
    94. Tucson, Arizona: 32°
    95. Tulsa, Oklahoma: 36°
    96. Virginia Beach, Virginia: 37°
    97. Washington, D.C.: 39°
    98. Wichita, Kansas: 37°
    99. Winston–Salem, North Carolina: 36°
    100. Yonkers, New York: 41°

    Optimial Solar Panel Angle (Table)

    With this table at hand, you have a ready reference to understand the optimal tilt angles for solar panels across the major cities in the United States. Remember, these angles are estimates and may vary based on specific circumstances and weather conditions. Always seek professional advice when installing solar panels to ensure maximum efficiency and safety.

    No.CityStateOptimal Tilt Angle
    1AlbuquerqueNew Mexico35°
    2AnaheimCalifornia34°
    3AnchorageAlaska61°
    4ArlingtonTexas32°
    5AtlantaGeorgia34°
    6AuroraColorado39°
    7AustinTexas30°
    8BakersfieldCalifornia35°
    9BaltimoreMaryland39°
    10Baton RougeLouisiana30°
    11BirminghamAlabama33°
    12BoiseIdaho43°
    13BostonMassachusetts42°
    14BuffaloNew York43°
    15ChandlerArizona33°
    16CharlotteNorth Carolina35°
    17ChesapeakeVirginia36°
    18ChicagoIllinois42°
    19Chula VistaCalifornia32°
    20CincinnatiOhio39°
    21ClevelandOhio41°
    22Colorado SpringsColorado39°
    23ColumbusOhio40°
    24Corpus ChristiTexas28°
    25DallasTexas32°
    26DenverColorado39°
    27DetroitMichigan42°
    28DurhamNorth Carolina36°
    29El PasoTexas31°
    30Fort WayneIndiana41°
    31Fort WorthTexas32°
    32FremontCalifornia37°
    33FresnoCalifornia37°
    34GarlandTexas33°
    35GilbertArizona33°
    36GlendaleArizona33°
    37GreensboroNorth Carolina36°
    38HendersonNevada36°
    39HialeahFlorida26°
    40HonoluluHawaii21°
    41HoustonTexas30°
    42IndianapolisIndiana40°
    43IrvineCalifornia34°
    44IrvingTexas33°
    45JacksonvilleFlorida30°
    46Jersey CityNew Jersey41°
    47Kansas CityMissouri39°
    48Las VegasNevada36°
    49LexingtonKentucky38°
    50LincolnNebraska41°
    51Long BeachCalifornia34°
    52Los AngelesCalifornia34°
    53LouisvilleKentucky38°
    54LubbockTexas33°
    55MadisonWisconsin43°
    56MemphisTennessee35°
    57MesaArizona33°
    58MiamiFlorida26°
    59MilwaukeeWisconsin43°
    60MinneapolisMinnesota45°
    61NashvilleTennessee36°
    62New OrleansLouisiana30°
    63New York CityNew York41°
    64NewarkNew Jersey41°
    65NorfolkVirginia37°
    66OaklandCalifornia38°
    67Oklahoma CityOklahoma35°
    68OmahaNebraska41°
    69OrlandoFlorida28°
    70PhiladelphiaPennsylvania40°
    71PhoenixArizona33°
    72PittsburghPennsylvania40°
    73PlanoTexas33°
    74PortlandOregon45°
    75RaleighNorth Carolina36°
    76RenoNevada39°
    77RichmondVirginia37°
    78RiversideCalifornia34°
    79RochesterNew York43°
    80SacramentoCalifornia38°
    81San AntonioTexas29°
    82San DiegoCalifornia32°
    83San FranciscoCalifornia38°
    84San JoseCalifornia37°
    85Santa AnaCalifornia34°
    86ScottsdaleArizona33°
    87SeattleWashington47°
    88St. LouisMissouri39°
    89St. PaulMinnesota45°
    90St. PetersburgFlorida28°
    91StocktonCalifornia38°
    92TampaFlorida28°
    93ToledoOhio41°
    94TucsonArizona32°
    95TulsaOklahoma36°
    96Virginia BeachVirginia37°
    97Washington, D.C.39°
    98WichitaKansas37°
    99Winston–SalemNorth Carolina36°
    100YonkersNew York41°

    It’s important to remember that this list provides the optimal tilt angles, not necessarily the angle you should use. Depending on the specifics of your location and setup, you may need to adjust the angle to optimize energy production. Please consult with a solar energy professional for personalized advice.

    Using This Data?

    If you find this data valuable and intend to use it, we kindly ask that you cite this blog post as your source. While not obligatory, it supports our work and visibility. Thanks!

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